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Starry Smoothhound Shark
Threat Level: low
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Scientific name...........Mustelus Asterias
The Starry Smoothound is a slender shark with two high dorsal fins, snout gradually rounded with elongate and prominent nasal flaps which are well separated from each other and the mouth. Their eyes are horizontally elongate with strong subocular ridges, spiracle rather prominent. Unfringed dorsal fin, first dorsal fin origin over pectoral inner margin, anal fin smaller than second dorsal, pectorals and pelvic fairly small.
These sharks can reach a maximum length of 4.5 feet, but the average size is 3.2. At birth they measure 11.8 inches. Males mature at 2.5 feet, and females mature at 2.7 feet.
Their teeth are small and molariform, arranged in pavement-like fashion.
The starry smoothound has many white spots on a gray or gray-brown on the back and sides ( no dark spots or bars ) shading to white below.
Their diet consists primarily on crustaceans ( hermit and other crabs, lobsters and shrimps ).
Swims actively in captivity. May migrate inshore in summer.
Northeast Atlantic, North Sea to Canaries, Mediterranean, and Mauritania. They occur in continental and insular shelves, on or near sand and gravel, intertidal to 328.6 feet. These sharks are often found close inshore in littoral waters, in shallow bays or flats and off estuary mouths; also ranging far offshore over the shelf and are especially common on or near submerged banks.
Starry smoothound sharks are ovoviviparous, no yolk-sac placenta, giving birth to 7 to 15 pups per litter, increasing with maternal size. Born inshore in summer after one year gestation. Mature at two to three years.
No data found.
Common, fisheries bycatch with low market value. Taken by anglers, kept in aquaria.
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