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TYPES OF SHARKS
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Shortfin Mako Shark
The Mako Shark is also known as
the Bonito & Blue pointer.
- SHORTFIN MAKO SHARK
Scientific Name.... Isurus Oxyrinchus
Family Name...... Lamnidae
- General Information: The
shortfin mako shark is the most spindle-shaped shark of the mackeral
family, with a long, conical snout, short pectoral fins, and a
crescent-shaped caudal fin. The shortfin mako shark is the shark
thats featured in Ernest Hemingway's novel The Old Man and the
Sea, is well known as a sport fish.
- Size: Mako pups are born at a length of 23.
to 27.6 inches.
Mako sharks can grow to lengths about 13 feet ( 3.95m ).
- Teeth: Shortfin mako sharks teeth are visible
even when its mouth is closed. They have long slender, smooth-edged
Prey grabbed by these teeth are not likely to get away!
- Color: Their color is a brilliant metallic
blue dorsally and white ventrically.
- Feeding Habits: The adult makos feed mainly
on large fish such as tuna, swordfish, billfish squid and cetaceans.
The baby makos feed on small fish and squid.
- Social Behaviour: The shortfin mako usually
occurs singly, although they will at times aggregate, especially
around a food source. Makos have been observed chasing each other
away from baits. They have been known to swim in figure-eights
and jaw gape, which has been interpreted as an aggressive display.
- Habitat | Migration | Distribution: Shorfin
makos are worldwide and live offshore in tropical and temperate
waters, from the surface down to 490 feet ( 150 m ). They are
rarely encountered, but may be seen by open-water divers.
- Life Span: There is still some uncertainty
about its life-span, but it is suspected to reach ages of between
- Reproduction: Shortfin makos are viviparous,
but lack a placental connection. Older embryos eat some of the
eggs and smaller embryos while still in the uterus during the
gestation period of 15-18 months.
- Swimming: Shortfin mako sharks are the speed
demons of the shark world. They can swim very fast and is capable
of spectacular leaps of 20 feet in the air when hooked and achieving
bursts of speed of more than 22mph. One is known to have traveled
1,322 miles in 37 days.
- Shark Attacks: They are potentially dangerous
and have attacked humans. However, attacks on fishing boats, when
a angry mako leaps into a boat after being caught on the end of
a fishing line, are more likely to occur.
- Population Report: Not uncommon; however, reduced
by developing fisheries.