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Freycinets Epaulette Shark
Threat Level: Low
The Freycinets Epaulette Shark is also
known as Indonesian
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- FREYCINETS EPAULETTE
Scientific Name.... Hemiscyllium
- General Information: There are 13 species of
longtailed carpet sharks that are subdivided into epaulette sharks
the (Hemiscyllium) and bamboo sharks (Chiloscyllium). These usually
small fish have thin, slightly flattened, elongated bodies. The
two relatively large, spineless dorsal fins are about the same
size. The anal fin is far back on the underside, is in front of
the caudal fin, and separated from it by a notch. The dorsal and
anal fins are set very far back on an extremely long thick tail.
There is little known on this particular species, the biology
is almost unknown.
- Size: They grow to a maximum length of 28.4
inches, and mature at approximately 24.0 inches.
- Color: Freycinets epaulette sharks have large,
sparse dark spots on the body, none white, no reticulate pattern.
Moderately large black epaulette spot above pectorals without
white ring or curved black marks around rear half. They have dark
paired fins with light edges in young, changing to scattered small
and large dark spots in adults. Broad dark bands under head and
completely encircling tail in young, lost in light undersides
of adults. Dark blotches on anterior edges of dorsal fins.
- Feeding Habits: This species most likely feed
on crustaceans and worms.
- Social Behaviour: Hides in reef crevices by
day, feeds at night.
- Habitat | Migration | Distribution: They are
found in Indonesia and New Guinea, and occur in coral reefs, on
sand and in seagrass in shallow water.
- Reproduction: They are oviparious.
- Freycinets Epaulette Shark Attacks: Harmless.
- Population Report: According to statistics
they are near threatened, due to restricted habitat affected by
expanding fisheries and pollution.
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