Choose a Category Below
TYPES OF SHARKS
SHARK CHAT FORUM
Caribbean Reef Shark
Threat Level: low
The Caribbean Reef
Shark is also known as
Springers reef shark and Reef shark.
- CARIBBEAN REEF SHARK
Scientific Name.... Carcharhinus Perezi
Family Name...... Carcharhinidae
- General Information: The Caribbean reef shark
has a relatively stout body and the first dorsal fin has a sharp
point and a short, trailing tip. The pectoral fins are relatively
long and narrow. It has an interdorsal ridge, and a blunt, rounded
- Size: Adult Caribbean reef sharks can grow
up to 10 feet long.
- Teeth: The well- serrated upper teeth have
broad bases and narrow cusps. The lower teeth also have broad
bases and small serrations, but are narrow and straight.
- Color: They are gray or gray-brown above grading
to white underneath. The undersides of paired fins, anal and ventral
caudal lobe are a dusky coloured, with no distinctive silvery gray
or white undersides.
- Feeding Habits: The Caribbean reef sharks diet
consists of bony reef fishes, rays, cephalopods and small sharks.
- Senses: These sharks have and uses six keen
senses; olfactory, visual, tactile ( including vibration sensitivity
through a lateralis canal system), auditory, gustatory, and electric
reception. The Caribbean reef shark is especially adapted to detecting
low frequency sounds( indicative of a struggling fish nearby).
- Social Behaviour: This species is commonly observed
laying on the bottom in caves and under ledges, often in an apparent
torpor as if sleeping. They have been called the sleeping shark,
although there is no evidence that it is actually asleep when
- Habitat | Migration | Distribution: These sharks
range from Western Atlantic and Caribbean, from Florida, USA,
and Burmuda to southern Brazil, including parts of the Gulf of
Mexico. Large numbers of these sharks is the most common shark
on or near coral reefs in the Caribbean Sea. It is a tropical
inshore, bottom-dwelling species of the continental and insular
shelves. Although mainly inhabits shallow waters, it has been
recorded to reach depths 100 feet.
- Reproduction: Very little is known about the
Carribean reef sharks biology. They are known to be viviparous,
meaning its developing embryos are nourished via a placental
connection. Females bear 4 to 6 pups per litter; these range from
2 to 2 1/2 in length at birth. Pregnant females are often found
to have biting scars from males on the sides of their bodies,
due to the aggressive behaviours of males during mating. Gestation
is believed to take approximately one year.
- Swimming: They are fast swimmers, but is known
to rest in caves and under ledges during the day.
- Caribbean Reef Shark Attacks: While they are
not particularly aggressive, they have been responsible for attacks
on divers, especially in situations involving bait or spear fishing.
- Population Report: They are abundant.